Self Service Apps. Legal Definitions of Sexual Harassment Sexual harassment is a legal term, created for the purpose of ending harassment and discrimination against women in the workplace. The term is constantly being redefined and extended in legislation and court decisions. However, not all sexual behavior in the workplace is harassment, and the laws against sexual harassment do not extend to situations outside the workplace or school. The basic definition of sexual harassment comes from the United Stated Equal Employment Opportunity Commission EEOC : Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature constitutes sexual harassment when submission to or rejection of this conduct explicitly or implicitly affects an individual's employment, unreasonably interferes with an individual's work performance or creates an intimidating, hostile or offensive work environment. This definition has been further elaborated: Sexual harassment can occur in a variety of circumstances, including but not limited to the following: The victim as well as the harasser may be a woman or a man.
Sexual Harassment: Frequently Asked Questions
Sexual Harassment - What is Sexual Harassment?
In , the Metoo movement swept through the U. The law recognizing sexual harassment as a form of sex discrimination applies to private employers with 15 or more employees, as well as government and labor organizations. Sexual harassment can occur in a variety of ways, according to the U. This represents a drop from FY , but we cannot be sure about what may have caused this decrease.
Legal Definitions of Sexual Harassment
According to case law, unwelcome conduct is conduct that was not solicited or invited by the employee, and the employee regarded the conduct as undesirable or offensive. Whether the behaviour was unwelcome is a subjective question from the perspective of the particular person alleging sexual harassment. It is irrelevant that the behaviour may not have been unwelcome to others or has been an accepted feature of the work environment in the past. A teenage girl who had been unemployed for a year got a job in a cake shop through a government training scheme. After her first week, the respondent a partner in the business began to kiss her on the neck, touch her on the buttocks and request sex.
Workplace sexual harassment is internationally condemned as sex discrimination and a violation of human rights, and more than 75 countries have enacted legislation prohibiting it. Sexual harassment in the workplace increases absenteeism and turnover and lowers workplace productivity and job satisfaction. Yet it remains pervasive and underreported, and neither legislation nor market incentives have been able to eliminate it. Strong workplace policies prohibiting sexual harassment, workplace training, and a complaints process that protects workers from retaliation seem to offer the most promise in reducing sexual harassment.